Семинар 14. Официально-деловой функциональный стиль
Практическое задание к семинару 14
A. Впособии Functional Styles выполнитезаданияраздела Unit 3 (The Style of Official Documents, pp. 15-21).
Практическое задание к семинарам 10-14
A. Определите функциональный стиль и жанровую принадлежность следующих отрывков. Проанализируйте лексические и фразеологические, словообразовательные, морфологические, синтаксические средства отрывков.
In the poetics of Milorad Pavic, who made his debut with the tellingly titled collection of poems Palimpsesti (1967), this extensive and intensive intertextuality is present at all levels of the work. Thus, on the one hand, there is a heteromedial intertextuality, that is to say, an intermedial interplay of graphic and verbal elements, and, on the other hand, a dominant isomedial or verbal intertextuality, the latter relating not only to structures, namely genres and poetics, but also to the motif and content levels through quotation, allusion, and paraphrase of other texts (or subtexts), both his own and others', by which the nature of this reference may be affirmative or may be dialogic (parodying, deconstructing, etc.). Therein a range of reference structures is discernible which extends through the lexicon, the crossword, disputation, dialogic narrative, parable and anecdote, to the historical novel, the crime thriller, and the love story or romantic novel, and which embraces a heterogeneity of reference texts, such as the Bible, ancient myths, Homer, Plato, Ovid, the Byzantine novel, apocrypha and holy legend, the Vita Constantini, the Talmud and the Koran, the traditions of the Kabbala, Balkan folklore and folk mythology, Ragusan baroque lyric and baroque epic, historiographical works, sermons of the Serbian baroque period (above all those of G. Venclovic), texts of the German Enlightenment and German romantic periods, texts by Poe, Pushkin, Gogol, Kafka, Borges, Eco, and Garcia Marquez, and narrative texts of contemporary Serbian authors such as Andric, Crnjanski, Selimovic, Kis, Tisma, Nenadic, and others. Thus it can be seen that Pavic in his writing technique, with his use of the nonmimetic fantastic and a radicalization of modernism's practice of allusion, follows not a principle of the dispersion of meaning but one of a multiplication of meaning (although on a deeply enigmatic level) and that he with his wholly polyphonic texts demonstrates the ars combinatoria of postmodernism as hardly any other writer has done.
While the question of religion is not new to American politics, both Democratic and Republican hopefuls in the U.S. presidential race are talking more frequently about their faith, especially after a recent evangelical Christian threat to back a third party candidate if Republican frontrunner Rudolph Giuliani becomes the party's presidential nominee.
Evangelical Christian Republicans are one of the largest and most influential groups in the United States, comprising as much as one-fifth of the electorate. While they solidly backed President George Bush in the 2004 presidential election, many observers say that in the run-up to next year's elections, this constituency is divided over the Republican field of presidential candidates. Most analysts say that especially holds true for former New York City Mayor Rudolph Giuliani, who supports abortion rights, and former Massachusetts Governor Mitt Romney, whose Mormon faith and views on abortion make most evangelicals uneasy.
Dear Mr. Snow:
Thank you for your support in our recent election. Your hard work is greatly appreciated along with your monetary contributions.
When you indicated last November that you would not be able to run for commissioner, I was disappointed. But I knew that you would support us in any way possible. Once again, you came through. It was because of your untiring, behind-the-scenes work that we were able to sweep the election. You are essential to Cranston County Democrats.
Thank you once again for all your hard work. Without you, we couldn’t have done it.
BBC cuts: as bad as we thought?
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Smith 'sorry' for migrants error
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College, Cambridge The following elections have been made from 1 October 2007: Life Fellow: Professor Derek John Fray, B.Sc. (Eng.), A.R.S.M., Ph.D., D.I.C., M.A. Professorial Fellow: Professor David Michael Thompson, M.A., Ph.D., B.D. Bye-Fellow: Dr Ruth Ellen Rutherford Nisbet, B.Sc., Ph.D.
A stunning and unique development of apartments and Marine houses in a beautiful natural bay. The Prickly Bay Waterside development sits at the waters edge of the Lance aux Epines peninsular in the fashionable southern end of Grenada, the Spice Island of the Caribbean. This is an adventurous, groundbreaking development of luxury hi-tech villas and apartments.
Larger in area than both the royal residences of Hampton Court Palace and Buckingham Palace, this magnificent estate symbolises the grand scale and imposing presence of the Great Houses of England, yet employs state-of-the-art 21st Century technology to provide the ultimate living environment. Updown Court dominates its formal setting amid 63 sprawling acres of landscaped grounds, formal gardens and woodland.
Governor Spitzer Retreats
Gov. Eliot Spitzer has confronted the most intense public criticism of his political career — and caved. Not so long ago, Mr. Spitzer was doing the right and brave thing, planning to offer driver’s licenses to qualified but undocumented immigrants. The plan was inherently fair and would have made the state and its roads safer. Unfortunately, it also made Mr. Spitzer the target of some very nasty rhetoric from his political opponents, while his allies offered mostly weak-kneed support.
So, on Saturday, Mr. Spitzer left the field. Homeland Security Secretary Michael Chertoff and he hastily announced a new plan, a revised three-tiered licensing system for New York’s drivers. Not all the details are available, but it looks like bad government policy and a bureaucratic nightmare in the making. Unwieldy and probably unworkable, it manages to offend a whole segment of pro-immigration New Yorkers, some of the few political friends Mr. Spitzer has left.
As outlined, the new agreement between New York and Washington would create three licenses. One would comply with the still-undecided federal standards for the Real ID Act, and another would be for those who want to go to Canada without using a passport. The third license would not be valid as identification to board airplanes or enter federal buildings.
‘Have you split up now?’
‘Are you being funny?’
People quite often thought Marcus was being funny when he wasn’t. He couldn’t understand it. Asking his mum whether she’d split up with Roger was a perfectly sensible question, he thought: they’d had a big row, then they’d gone off into the kitchen to talk quietly, and after a little while they’d come out looking serious, and Roger had come over to him, shaken his hand and wished him luck at his new school, and then he’d gone.
‘Why would I want to be funny?’
‘Well, what does it look like to you?’
‘It looks to me like you’ve split up. But I just wanted to make sure.’
‘We’ve split up.’
‘So he’s gone?’
‘Yes, Marcus, he’s gone.’
I am happy to join with you today in what will go down in history as the greatest demonstration for freedom in the history of our nation.
Five score years ago, a great American, in whose symbolic shadow we stand today, signed the Emancipation Proclamation. This momentous decree came as a great beacon light of hope to millions of Negro slaves who had been seared in the flames of withering injustice. It came as a joyous daybreak to end the long night of their captivity.
But one hundred years later, the Negro still is not free. One hundred years later, the life of the Negro is still sadly crippled by the manacles of segregation and the chains of discrimination. One hundred years later, the Negro lives on a lonely island of poverty in the midst of a vast ocean of material prosperity. One hundred years later, the Negro is still languished in the corners of American society and finds himself an exile in his own land. And so we've come here today to dramatize a shameful condition.
The concepts that govern our thought are not just matters of the intellect. They also govern our everyday functioning, down to the most mundane details. Our concepts structure what we perceive, how we get around in the world, and how we relate to other people. Our conceptual system thus plays a central role in defining our everyday realities. If we are right in suggesting that our conceptual system is largely metaphorical, then the way we think, what we experience, and what we do every day is very much a matter of metaphor. But our conceptual system is not something we are normally aware of. In most of the little things we do every day, we simply think and act more or less automatically along certain lines. Just what these lines are is by no means obvious. One way to find out is by looking at language. Since communication is based on the same conceptual system that we use in thinking and acting, language is an important source of evidence for what that system is like.
With his rumpled raincoat, battered car and never-seen wife, Columbo was one of television's most popular detectives. As the un-ironed but appealing lieutenant, Peter Falk was on our screens for more than 30 years and one of the world's most recognised actors.
The star was brought up in New York, the son of a Polish shop-keeper and his Russian wife. He worked as a cook in the merchant marine and earned a degree in political science.
He even worked as a public accountant, but his mind had been set on becoming an actor since standing in for the lead in a high school play.
The U.S. government has launched an investigation into whether Internet search engine Google is using its dominance to promote its products while blocking competitors.
Google controls more than 65 percent of web searches worldwide and earns most of its money - billions of dollars - in search-related advertising.
The U.S. Federal Trade Commission (FTC) says it wants to know whether Google is using its dominance in searches not only to earn advertising revenue but also to channel users to its growing network of services.
UK: Dull, cool and damp on Thursday as rain spreads across Northern Ireland, southern Scotland and northern England. The rain may fall heavily at times. Mostly dry and rather cloudy over northern Scotland. Mostly cloudy with scattered showers over southern England.
Moths that fly by day are not properly to be called moths; they do not excite that pleasant sense of dark autumn nights and ivy-blossom which the commonest yellow-underwing asleep in the shadow of the curtain never fails to rouse in us. They are hybrid creatures, neither gay like butterflies nor sombre like their own species. Nevertheless the present specimen, with his narrow hay-coloured wings, fringed with a tassel of the same colour, seemed to be content with life. It was a pleasant morning, mid–September, mild, benignant, yet with a keener breath than that of the summer months. The plough was already scoring the field opposite the window, and where the share had been, the earth was pressed flat and gleamed with moisture. Such vigour came rolling in from the fields and the down beyond that it was difficult to keep the eyes strictly turned upon the book. The rooks too were keeping one of their annual festivities; soaring round the tree tops until it looked as if a vast net with thousands of black knots in it had been cast up into the air; which, after a few moments sank slowly down upon the trees until every twig seemed to have a knot at the end of it. Then, suddenly, the net would be thrown into the air again in a wider circle this time, with the utmost clamour and vociferation, as though to be thrown into the air and settle slowly down upon the tree tops were a tremendously exciting experience.
The same energy which inspired the rooks, the ploughmen, the horses, and even, it seemed, the lean bare-backed downs, sent the moth fluttering from side to side of his square of the window-pane. One could not help watching him. One was, indeed, conscious of a queer feeling of pity for him. The possibilities of pleasure seemed that morning so enormous and so various that to have only a moth’s part in life, and a day moth’s at that, appeared a hard fate, and his zest in enjoying his meagre opportunities to the full, pathetic. He flew vigorously to one corner of his compartment, and, after waiting there a second, flew across to the other. What remained for him but to fly to a third corner and then to a fourth? That was all he could do, in spite of the size of the downs, the width of the sky, the far-off smoke of houses, and the romantic voice, now and then, of a steamer out at sea. What he could do he did. Watching him, it seemed as if a fibre, very thin but pure, of the enormous energy of the world had been thrust into his frail and diminutive body. As often as he crossed the pane, I could fancy that a thread of vital light became visible. He was little or nothing but life.
THE HIGH CONTRACTING PARTIES,
DESIRING to promote conditions for stronger economic growth in the European Union and, to that end, to develop ever closer coordination of economic policies within the euro area,
CONSCIOUS of the need to lay down special provisions for enhanced dialogue between the Member States whose currency is the euro, pending the euro becoming the currency of all Member States of the Union,
HAVE AGREED UPON the following provisions, which shall be annexed to the Treaty on European Union and to the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union:
The Ministers of the Member States whose currency is the euro shall meet informally. Such meetings shall take place, when necessary, to discuss questions related to the specific responsibilities they share with regard to the single currency. The Commission shall take part in the meetings. The European Central Bank shall be invited to take part in such meetings, which shall be prepared by the representatives of the Ministers with responsibility for finance of the Member States whose currency is the euro and of the Commission.